Announcement: M.W. Bychowski published an article, “Unconfessing Transgender: Dysphoric Youths and the Medicalization of Madness in John Gower’s “Tale of Iphis and Ianthe” in the OA journal Accessus
On the brink of the twenty-first century, Judith Butler argues in “Undiagnosing Gender” that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) defines the psychiatric condition of “Gender Identity Disorder” (or “Gender Dysphoria”) in ways that control biological diversity and construct “transgender” as a marginalized identity. By turning the study of gender away from vulnerable individuals and towards the broader systems of power, Butler works to liberate bodies from the medical mechanisms managing difference and precluding potentially disruptive innovations in forms of life and embodiment by creating categories of gender and disability.
Turning to the brink of the 15th century, we find that John Gower’s Confessio Amantis narrates the division and dysphoria of gender according to the hermeneutic of the seven deadly sins. The “Tale of Iphis and Ianthe” occurs in the Confessio’s Book IV on “acedia,” or sloth. Iphis, whose story is bordered by a priest’s penitential advice and thereby related to sloth, is a biologically female youth dressed as a boy and later physically transformed into a man. Medieval disability scholars have demonstrated that for premodern thinkers, religion and medicine were so intertwined as to be inseparable, especially in cases such as the management of sloth, where the symptoms of depression, despair, and sluggishness spanned the categorizes of physical and spiritual disease. Gower himself considers the God of Love to be both cause and physician of this ailment.
In “Unconfessing Transgender,” I contend that Gower’s text considers the medical definition and control of medieval “trans” bodies under the auspices of sin by presenting both Iphis’s problem and cure as socially constructed. The first part of this article explores “Divisioun and Dysphoria” to establish how Gower prefigures the modern social model of transgender as an experience of living in a world full of change and contradiction. In part two, the particular social forms of “divisioun” identified as “Acedia and Depression” signal Gower’s discussion of the sin of sloth that frames the “Tale of Iphis and Ianthe.” In the third part, I examine how Gower’s removal of the dysphoric youth’s voice and agency in the tale emphasizes the systematic character of suffering caused by a dysphoric Nature (represented by Isis) and a subjugating patriarchal Nature (represented by Eros).
For more information available at Transliterature Online (www.ThingsTransform.com)
Abstract networks of coffee cups. Original image here.
TODAY at noon in Phillips 411. CCAS Faculty CAN (Coffee And Networking) event of interest to digital humanists!
Faculty Coffee and Networking (Faculty CAN)
Title: Big Data, Machine Learning, and Frontiers of Data Science
Date / Time: Wednesday, November 16, 12 – 1pm
Location: Phillips 411
Sign Up: Registration site (optional but encouraged)
Event Description: The explosion of data is rapidly changing our everyday life and is impacting every aspect of our society, including higher education. This leads to a great deal of needs for university faculty to work together to explore fresh ideas, to develop new tools to understand big data, and to produce the next generation of workforce for the society. Over the past several years, our colleagues have already worked together to obtain fruitful results, including the creation of the Data MASTER Program, the new Master of Data Science Program, as well as several university seminars related to data-driven computation. With that, we would like to invite you for a gathering so we can learn each other’s interests in this direction and explore collaborative opportunities.
Announcement: The born-digital artistic and literary compilation Out of Sequence: The Sonnets Remixed (previously discussed on this very blog) now exists in print! D Gilson, now an alumnus of The George Washington University, was its editor, and the collection includes contributions by GW faculty and gradute students. You can read the entire collection online at Upstart: A Journal of English Renaissance Studies or purchase a hard copy of the collection at Parlor Press.
Digital humanists participating in a library workshop [image originally posted here].
As previously announced on this blog, GW has been awarded a substantial Andrew W. Mellon grant to support “Resilient Networks to Support Inclusive Digital Humanities
.” Competitive jump-start grants of $5000 are now being offered to member-institution faculty pursuing digital humanities projects!
Read more about the scale and scope of the Mellon grant here. If you wish to apply for one of these jump-start grants, visit the official link and online application at the GW Libraries site.
Please join XD@GW for a faculty tea & discussion of collaboration in the digital age on 9/21, Wednesday in Gelman Library 702. No RSVP required.
Open Access in the Disciplines: A Conversation
October 6th, 12:00-1:30 pm (Gelman Library, Room 702): Learn how faculty from the sciences and humanities have opened their scholarship to the public, and the challenges and benefits they have encountered in the process. Panelists include Paul Brindley (microbiology), Lorena Barba (aerospace engineering), Ami Zota (occupational health), Alexa Huang (English).
Announcement: A recent issue of PMLA features of cluster of articles on “the changing profession” entitled “Assembling the Ecological Digital Humanities” (or EcoDH for short). Jeffrey J. Cohen, Professor of English and Director of the GW Medieval and Early Modern Studies Institute, co-edited this essay cluster with Stephanie LeMenager (University of Oregon). Appearing in this cluster is an article by Jonathan Hsy, co-director of the GW Digital Humanities Institute, entitled “Language Ecologies: Ethics, Community, and Digital Affect.”